Avicenna Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infection

Published by: Kowsar

Nosocomial Candiduria in Critically Ill Patients Admitted to Intensive Care Units in Qazvin, Iran

Authors Information
1 Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, School of Medicine, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, IR Iran
2 Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, School of Medicine, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, IR Iran
3 Department of Dermatology, School of Medicine, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, IR Iran
4 Psoriasis Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, IR Iran
Article Notes and Dates
Avicenna Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infection: August 2014, 1 (2); e21622.Published Online: August 1, 2014
Article Type: Research Article; Received : June 10, 2014; Revised : June 20, 2014; Accepted : June 30, 2014
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17795/ajcmi-21622

To Cite : Ghiasian S A, Aghamirian M R, Eshghi G R. Nosocomial Candiduria in Critically Ill Patients Admitted to Intensive Care Units in Qazvin, Iran, Avicenna J Clin Microb Infec. 2014 ;1(2):e21622. doi: 10.17795/ajcmi-21622.

Copyright: Copyright © 0, Avicenna Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infection. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Patients and Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
  • 1. Weinstein , Lundstrom T, Sobel J. Nosocomial candiduria: a review. Clin Infect Dis. 2001; 32(11): 1602-7[DOI][PubMed]
  • 2. Eriksen HM, Iversen BG, Aavitsland P. Prevalence of nosocomial infections in hospitals in Norway, 2002 and 2003. J Hosp Infect. 2005; 60(1): 40-5[DOI][PubMed]
  • 3. Gaynes RP, Culver DH, Horan TC, Emori TG, Banerjee SN, Edwards JR, et al. The National Nosocomial Infections Surveillance System: plans for the 1990s and beyond. Am J Med. 1991; 91(3B): 116S-20S[PubMed]
  • 4. Hauer T, Lacour M, Gastmeier P, Schulgen G, Schumacher M, Ruden H, et al. Nosocomial infections intensive care units. A nation-wide prevalence study. Anaesthesist. 1996; 45(12): 1184-91[PubMed]
  • 5. Vincent JL, Bihari DJ, Suter PM, Bruining HA, White J, Nicolas-Chanoin MH, et al. The prevalence of nosocomial infection in intensive care units in Europe. Results of the European Prevalence of Infection in Intensive Care (EPIC) Study. EPIC International Advisory Committee. JAMA. 1995; 274(8): 639-44[PubMed]
  • 6. Alvarez-Lerma F, Nolla-Salas J, Leon C, Palomar M, Jorda R, Carrasco N, et al. Candiduria in critically ill patients admitted to intensive care medical units. Intensive Care Med. 2003; 29(7): 1069-76[DOI][PubMed]
  • 7. Ayeni O, Riederer KM, Wilson FM, Khatib R. Clinicians' reaction to positive urine culture for Candida organisms. Mycoses. 1999; 42(4): 285-9[PubMed]
  • 8. Bagshaw SM, Laupland KB. Epidemiology of intensive care unit-acquired urinary tract infections. Curr Opin Infect Dis. 2006; 19(1): 67-71[PubMed]
  • 9. Mohammadi P, Shoaie N, Roudbar M. . Isolation and Detection of Yeast Biofilms From Urine Catheters of Infectious Patients. jjm microbiol. 2012; 5(4): 533-6[DOI]
  • 10. Zarei MA, Zarrin M, Beheshti F. Antifungal susceptibility of Candida species isolated from. JJ Microbiol. 2012; 5(4): 533-6
  • 11. Seifi Z, Azish M, Salehi Z, Zarei Mahmoudabadi A, Shamsizadeh A. Candiduria in children and susceptibility patterns of recovered Candida species to antifungal drugs in Ahvaz. J Nephropathol. 2013; 2(2): 122-8[DOI][PubMed]
  • 12. Zarei-Mahmoudabadi A, Zarrin M, Ghanatir F, Vazirianzadeh B. Candiduria in hospitalized patients in teaching hospitals of Ahvaz. Iran J Microbiol. 2012; 4(4): 198-203[PubMed]
  • 13. Rosenthal VD, Guzman S, Orellano PW. Nosocomial infections in medical-surgical intensive care units in Argentina: attributable mortality and length of stay. Am J Infect Control. 2003; 31(5): 291-5[PubMed]
  • 14. Febre N, Silva V, Medeiros EA, Wey SB, Colombo AL, Fischman O. Microbiological characteristics of yeasts isolated from urinary tracts of intensive care unit patients undergoing urinary catheterization. J Clin Microbiol. 1999; 37(5): 1584-6[PubMed]
  • 15. Passos XS, Sales WS, Maciel PJ, Costa CR, Miranda KC, Lemos Jde A, et al. Candida colonization in intensive care unit patients' urine. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz. 2005; 100(8): 925-8[PubMed]
  • 16. Nassoura Z, Ivatury RR, Simon RJ, Jabbour N, Stahl WM. Candiduria as an early marker of disseminated infection in critically ill surgical patients: the role of fluconazole therapy. J Trauma. 1993; 35(2): 290-4[PubMed]
  • 17. Krcmery S, Dubrava M, Krcmery V, Jr. Fungal urinary tract infections in patients at risk. Int J Antimicrob Agents. 1999; 11(3-4): 289-91[PubMed]
  • 18. Lundstrom T, Sobel J. Nosocomial candiduria: a review. Clin Infect Dis 2001; 32(11)
  • 19. Rex JH, Rinaldi MG, Pfaller MA. Resistance of Candida species to fluconazole. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1995; 39(1): 1-8[PubMed]
  • 20. Odds FC. Ecology and epidemiology of Candida species. Zenrrulbl Bakreriol Microbiol Hyg 1984; 257(2)
  • 21. Guler S, Ural O, Findik D, Arslan U. Risk factors for nosocomial candiduria. Saudi Med J. 2006; 27(11): 1706-10[PubMed]
  • 22. Kauffman CA, Vazquez JA, Sobel JD, Gallis HA, McKinsey DS, Karchmer AW, et al. Prospective multicenter surveillance study of funguria in hospitalized patients. The National Institute for Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) Mycoses Study Group. Clin Infect Dis. 2000; 30(1): 14-8[DOI][PubMed]
  • 23. Trofa D, Gacser A, Nosanchuk JD. Candida parapsilosis, an emerging fungal pathogen. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2008; 21(4): 606-25[DOI][PubMed]
  • 24. van Asbeck EC, Huang YC, Markham AN, Clemons KV, Stevens DA. Candida parapsilosis fungemia in neonates: genotyping results suggest healthcare workers hands as source, and review of published studies. Mycopathologia. 2007; 164(6): 287-93[DOI][PubMed]
  • 25. Delgado J, Calvo N, Gomis A, Perez-Flores I, Rodriguez A, Ridao N, et al. Candiduria in renal transplant recipients: incidence, clinical repercussion, and treatment indication. Transplant Proc. 2010; 42(8): 2944-6[DOI][PubMed]
  • 26. Chabasse D. [Yeast count in urine. Review of the literature and preliminary results of a multicenter prospective study carried out in 15 hospital centers]. Ann Fr Anesth Reanim. 2001; 20(4): 400-6[PubMed]
  • 27. Kobayashi CC, de Fernandes OF, Miranda KC, de Sousa ED, Silva Mdo R. Candiduria in hospital patients: a study prospective. Mycopathologia. 2004; 158(1): 49-52[PubMed]
  • 28. Richards MJ, Edwards JR, Culver DH, Gaynes RP. Nosocomial infections in combined medical-surgical intensive care units in the United States. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2000; 21(8): 510-5[DOI][PubMed]
  • 29. Odds FC. Ecology and epidemiology of Candida species. Zentralbl Bakteriol Mikrobiol Hyg A. 1984; 257(2): 207-12[PubMed]
  • 30. Bukhary ZA. Candiduria: a review of clinical significance and management. Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl. 2008; 19(3): 350-60[PubMed]
  • 31. Chang SL, Shortliffe LD. Pediatric urinary tract infections. Pediatr Clin North Am. 2006; 53(3): 379-400[DOI][PubMed]
  • 32. Bryant K, Maxfield C, Rabalais G. Renal candidiasis in neonates with candiduria. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1999; 18(11): 959-63[PubMed]
  • 33. Phillips JR, Karlowicz MG. Prevalence of Candida species in hospital-acquired urinary tract infections in a neonatal intensive care unit. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1997; 16(2): 190-4[PubMed]
  • 34. Traboulsi R, Kanafani ZA, Kanj SS. Fungal infections of the genitourinary tract. J Med Liban. 2004; 52(4): 202-9[PubMed]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Cited By:

Search Relations:


  • Seyed Amir Ghiasian: [PubMed] [Scholar]
  • Mohammad Reza Aghamirian: [PubMed] [Scholar]
  • Golam Reza Eshghi: [PubMed] [Scholar]
  • Related Article in PubMed
  • Related Article in Google Scholar

Create Citiaion Alert via Google Reader