Avicenna Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infection

Published by: Kowsar

Antimicrobial Resistance Patterns of Aerobic Organisms in Patients With Chronic Rhinosinusitis in Hamadan, Iran

Authors Information
1 Department of Otolaryngology, School of Medicine, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, IR Iran
2 Department of Microbiology, School of Medicine, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, IR Iran
3 Student's Research Committee, School of Medicine, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, IR Iran
Article Notes and Dates
Avicenna Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infection: August 2014, 1 (2); e18961.Published Online: August 1, 2014
Article Type: Research Article; Received : March 15, 2014; Revised : June 26, 2014; Accepted : June 29, 2014
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17795/ajcmi-18961

To Cite : Farahani F, Yousefi Mashouf R, Hashemian F, Esmaeili R. Antimicrobial Resistance Patterns of Aerobic Organisms in Patients With Chronic Rhinosinusitis in Hamadan, Iran, Avicenna J Clin Microb Infec. 2014 ;1(2):e18961. doi: 10.17795/ajcmi-18961.

Copyright: Copyright © 0, Avicenna Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infection. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
3. Patients and Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
  • 1. Khalili H, Dashti-Khavidaki S, Karimzadeh I, Jafari S, Abdollahi A, Shahidi MR, et al. Changes in 4-year antimicrobial resistance pattern of gram-positive bacteria at the main referral teaching hospital, Tehran, Iran. Acta Med Iran. 2012; 50(7): 493-504[PubMed]
  • 2. Ranjbar M, Mohammad Alizadeh AH, Pazhooh HK, Kashani KM, Golmohammadi M, Nojomi M. Nosocomial infections and antimicrobial resistance pattern in a tertiary referral hospital in Hamedan, Iran. Int J Crit Illn Inj Sci. 2012; 2(1): 46-7[DOI][PubMed]
  • 3. Khalili H, Soltani R, Safhami S, Dashti-Khavidaki S, Alijani B. Antimicrobial resistance pattern of gram-negative bacteria of nosocomial origin at a teaching hospital in the Islamic Republic of Iran. East Mediterr Health J. 2012; 18(2): 172-7[PubMed]
  • 4. Mardani M. Trends in antimicrobial resistance. Arc Clin Infect Dis. 2006; 1(3)
  • 5. McNulty CA, Cookson BD, Lewis MA. Education of healthcare professionals and the public. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2012; 67 Suppl 1-8[DOI][PubMed]
  • 6. Jarousse LA. Antimicrobial stewardship: it's time to step it up. Hosp Health Netw. 2012; 86(5): 41-8[PubMed]
  • 7. Hannigan NS, Tolman DR, Larson EL. Resisting resistance: practical decision tools for choosing antimicrobials safely. J Am Acad Nurse Pract. 2012; 24(5): 324-30[DOI][PubMed]
  • 8. Pechere JC. Patients' interviews and misuse of antibiotics. Clin Infect Dis. 2001; 33 Suppl 3-3[DOI][PubMed]
  • 9. McNulty CA, Boyle P, Nichols T, Clappison P, Davey P. The public's attitudes to and compliance with antibiotics. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2007; 60 Suppl 1-8[DOI][PubMed]
  • 10. Vila J, Pal T. Update on antibacterial resistance in low-income countries: factors favoring the emergence of resistance. Open Infect Dis J. 2010; 4(1): 38-54
  • 11. Smith SR, Montgomery LG, Williams JW, Jr. Treatment of mild to moderate sinusitis. Arch Intern Med. 2012; 172(6): 510-3[DOI][PubMed]
  • 12. Xiao L, Zheng J, Yang L, Chen J, Lu Y, Lu S, et al. [Microbial profile and antibiotic susceptibility of chronic rhinosinusitis]. Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2011; 25(15): 692-4[PubMed]
  • 13. DeAlleaume L, Parker S, Reider JM. Clinical inquiries. What findings distinguish acute bacterial sinusitis? J Fam Pract. 2003; 52(7): 563-5[PubMed]
  • 14. Browning GG. Antibiotics for acute sinusitis in general practice. Entry criteria were too dissimilar for studies to be combined for meta-analysis. BMJ. 1999; 318(7198): 1623-4[PubMed]
  • 15. Bauer AW, Kirby WMM, Sherris JCT, Turck M. Antibiotic susceptibility testing by a standardized single disk method. Am J Clin Pathol. 1966; 45(4): 493
  • 16. Shanmugam S, Selvarajan R, Thangiah S. Drug resistance of Staphylococcus aureus in sinusitis patients. Int J Biosci. 2011; 1(3): 63-71
  • 17. Bokaeian M, Khazaei HA, Javadimehr M. Nasopharyngeal Carriage, Antibiotic Resistance and Serotype Distribution of Streptococcus Pneumoniae among Healthy Adolescents in Zahedan. Iran Red Crescent Med J. 2011; 13(5): 328-33[PubMed]
  • 18. Hashemi M, Mir Mohammad Sadeghi M, Omrani MR, Torabi MA. Microbiology and antimicrobial resistance in chronic resistant rhino sinusitis with or without polyp after functional endoscopic sinus surgery. J Res Med Sci. 2005; 10(3): 167-71
  • 19. Kingdom TT, Swain RE, Jr. The microbiology and antimicrobial resistance patterns in chronic rhinosinusitis. Am J Otolaryngol. 2004; 25(5): 323-8[PubMed]
  • 20. Brook I, Thompson DH, Frazier EH. Microbiology and management of chronic maxillary sinusitis. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1994; 120(12): 1317-20[PubMed]
  • 21. Klossek JM, Dubreuil L, Richet H, Richet B, Sedallian A, Beutter P. Bacteriology of the adult middle meatus. J Laryngol Otol. 1996; 110(9): 847-9[PubMed]
  • 22. Gordts F, Halewyck S, Pierard D, Kaufman L, Clement PA. Microbiology of the middle meatus: a comparison between normal adults and children. J Laryngol Otol. 2000; 114(3): 184-8[PubMed]
  • 23. Ozcan M, Unal A, Aksaray S, Yalcin F, Akdeniz T. Correlation of middle meatus and ethmoid sinus microbiology in patients with chronic sinusitis. Rhinology. 2002; 40(1): 24-7[PubMed]
  • 24. Brook I, Frazier EH, Foote PA. Microbiology of chronic maxillary sinusitis: comparison between specimens obtained by sinus endoscopy and by surgical drainage. J Med Microbiol. 1997; 46(5): 430-2[PubMed]
  • 25. Brook I, Frazier EH, Foote PA. Microbiology of the transition from acute to chronic maxillary sinusitis. J Med Microbiol. 1996; 45(5): 372-5[PubMed]
  • 26. Wald ER. Microbiology of acute and chronic sinusitis in children and adults. Am J Med Sci. 1998; 316(1): 13-20[PubMed]
  • 27. Van Cauwenberge PB, Ingels KJ, Bachert C, Wang DY. Microbiology of chronic sinusitis. Acta Otorhinolaryngol Belg. 1997; 51(4): 239-46[PubMed]
  • 28. Brook I. Bacteriology of chronic maxillary sinusitis in adults. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 1989; 98(6): 426-8[PubMed]
  • 29. Biel MA, Brown CA, Levinson RM, Garvis GE, Paisner HM, Sigel ME, et al. Evaluation of the microbiology of chronic maxillary sinusitis. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 1998; 107(11 Pt 1): 942-5[PubMed]
  • 30. Finegold SM, Flynn MJ, Rose FV, Jousimies-Somer H, Jakielaszek C, McTeague M, et al. Bacteriologic findings associated with chronic bacterial maxillary sinusitis in adults. Clin Infect Dis. 2002; 35(4): 428-33[DOI][PubMed]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Cited By:

Search Relations:


  • Farhad Farahani: [PubMed] [Scholar]
  • Rasoul Yousefi Mashouf: [PubMed] [Scholar]
  • Farnaz Hashemian: [PubMed] [Scholar]
  • Rasoul Esmaeili: [PubMed] [Scholar]
  • Related Article in PubMed
  • Related Article in Google Scholar

Create Citiaion Alert via Google Reader