Avicenna Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infection

Published by: Kowsar

Prevalence of Nosocomial Infection in Different Wards of Ghaem Hospital, Mashhad

Jamal Falahi 1 , Azad Khaledi 1 , Mohammad Yousef Alikhani 2 , Ali Taghipour 3 , Saeid Amel Jamehdar 1 , Mahboubeh Honarmand 1 and Kiarash Ghazvini 1 , *
Authors Information
1 Antimicrobial Resistance Research Center, Avicenna Research Institute, Department of Microbiology and Virology, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
2 Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
3 Department of Biostatics and Epidemiology, Health Sciences Research Center, School of Health, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
Article information
  • Avicenna Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infection: May 2017, 4 (2); e40297
  • Published Online: April 23, 2017
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: June 23, 2016
  • Revised: October 6, 2016
  • Accepted: November 8, 2016
  • DOI: 10.5812/ajcmi.40297

To Cite: Falahi J, Khaledi A, Alikhani M Y, Taghipour A, Amel Jamehdar S, et al. Prevalence of Nosocomial Infection in Different Wards of Ghaem Hospital, Mashhad, Avicenna J Clin Microb Infec. 2017 ;4(2):e40297. doi: 10.5812/ajcmi.40297.

Copyright © 2017, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
  • 1. Horan TC, Andrus M, Dudeck MA. CDC/NHSN surveillance definition of health care-associated infection and criteria for specific types of infections in the acute care setting. Am J Infect Control. 2008; 36(5): 309-32[DOI][PubMed]
  • 2. Shaikh JM, Devrajani BR, Shah SZ, Akhund T, Bibi I. Frequency, pattern and etiology of nosocomial infection in intensive care unit: an experience at a tertiary care hospital. J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad. 2008; 20(4): 37-40[PubMed]
  • 3. Erdinc FS, Yetkin MA, Ataman Hatipoglu C, Yucel M, Karakoc AE, Cevik MA, et al. Five-year surveillance of nosocomial infections in Ankara Training and Research Hospital. J Hosp Infect. 2006; 64(4): 391-6[DOI][PubMed]
  • 4. Weinstein RA. Nosocomial infection update. Emerg Infect Dis. 1998; 4(3): 416-20[DOI][PubMed]
  • 5. Muhlemann K, Franzini C, Aebi C, Berger C, Nadal D, Stahelin J, et al. Prevalence of nosocomial infections in Swiss children's hospitals. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2004; 25(9): 765-71[DOI][PubMed]
  • 6. Razine R, Azzouzi A, Barkat A, Khoudri I, Hassouni F, Chefchaouni AC, et al. Prevalence of hospital-acquired infections in the university medical center of Rabat, Morocco. Int Arch Med. 2012; 5(1): 26[DOI][PubMed]
  • 7. Zahraei SM, Eshrati B, Masoumi Asl H, Pezeshki Z. Epidemiology of four main nosocomial infections in Iran during March 2007 - March 2008 based on the findings of a routine surveillance system. Arch Iran Med. 2012; 15(12): 764-6[PubMed]
  • 8. Klevens RM, Edwards JR, Richards CJ, Horan TC, Gaynes RP, Pollock DA, et al. Estimating health care-associated infections and deaths in U.S. hospitals, 2002. Public Health Rep. 2007; 122(2): 160-6[DOI][PubMed]
  • 9. Zafar AB, Gaydos LA, Furlong WB, Nguyen MH, Mennonna PA. Effectiveness of infection control program in controlling nosocomial Clostridium difficile. Am J Infect Control. 1998; 26(6): 588-93[DOI][PubMed]
  • 10. Ahoyo TA, Bankole HS, Adeoti FM, Gbohoun AA, Assavedo S, Amoussou-Guenou M, et al. Prevalence of nosocomial infections and anti-infective therapy in Benin: results of the first nationwide survey in 2012. Antimicrob Resist Infect Control. 2014; 3: 17[DOI][PubMed]
  • 11. Jroundi I, Khoudri I, Azzouzi A, Zeggwagh AA, Benbrahim NF, Hassouni F, et al. Prevalence of hospital-acquired infection in a Moroccan university hospital. Am J Infect Control. 2007; 35(6): 412-6[DOI][PubMed]
  • 12. Allegranzi B, Bagheri Nejad S, Combescure C, Graafmans W, Attar H, Donaldson L, et al. Burden of endemic health-care-associated infection in developing countries: systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet. 2011; 377(9761): 228-41[DOI][PubMed]
  • 13. Eriksen HM, Iversen BG, Aavitsland P. Prevalence of nosocomial infections in hospitals in Norway, 2002 and 2003. J Hosp Infect. 2005; 60(1): 40-5[DOI][PubMed]
  • 14. Lizioli A, Privitera G, Alliata E, Antonietta Banfi EM, Boselli L, Panceri ML, et al. Prevalence of nosocomial infections in Italy: result from the Lombardy survey in 2000. J Hosp Infect. 2003; 54(2): 141-8[DOI][PubMed]
  • 15. de la Santé DG. Enquête nationale de prévalence des infections nosocomiales.
  • 16. Malhotra S, Sharma S, Hans C. Prevalence of hospital acquired infections in a tertiary care hospital in India. Int J Med Med Sci. 2014; 1(7): 91-4
  • 17. Danchaivijitr S, Judaeng T, Sripalakij S, Naksawas K, Plipat T. Prevalence of nosocomial infection in Thailand 2006. J Med Assoc Thai. 2007; 90(8): 1524-9[PubMed]
  • 18. Akhtar N. Hospital acquired infections in a medical intensive care unit. J Coll Physicians Surg Pak. 2010; 20(6): 386-90[PubMed]
  • 19. Mahfouz AA, Al-Azraqi TA, Abbag FI, Al-Gamal MN, Seef S, Bello CS. Nosocomial infections in a neonatal intensive care unit in south-western Saudi Arabia. East Mediterr Health J. 2010; 16(1): 40-4[PubMed]
  • 20. Babamahmoodi F, Ahangarkani F, Davoudi A. Hospital-acquired infections, bacterial causative agents and antibiotic resistance pattern in intensive care units at teaching hospitals in North of Iran. Int J Med Invest. 2015; 4(1): 152-60
  • 21. Baghaei R, Mikaili P, Nourani D, Khalkhali H. An epidemiological study of nosocomial infections in the patients admitted in the intensive care unite of Urmia Imam Reza Hospital: An etiological investigation. Annals of Biological Res. 2011; 2(5): 172-8
  • 22. Pradhan NP, Bhat SM, Ghadage DP. Nosocomial infections in the medical ICU: a retrospective study highlighting their prevalence, microbiological profile and impact on ICU stay and mortality. J Assoc Physicians India. 2014; 62(10): 18-21[PubMed]
  • 23. Aly NY, Al-Mousa HH, Al Asar el SM. Nosocomial infections in a medical-surgical intensive care unit. Med Princ Pract. 2008; 17(5): 373-7[DOI][PubMed]
  • 24. Mauldin PD, Salgado CD, Hansen IS, Durup DT, Bosso JA. Attributable hospital cost and length of stay associated with health care-associated infections caused by antibiotic-resistant gram-negative bacteria. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2010; 54(1): 109-15[DOI][PubMed]
  • 25. Hassanzadeh P, Motamedifar M, Hadi N. Prevalent bacterial infections in intensive care units of Shiraz University of medical sciences teaching hospitals, Shiraz, Iran. Jpn J Infect Dis. 2009; 62(4): 249-53[PubMed]
  • 26. Hosseini MB, Abdinia B, Ahangarzadeh Rezaee M. The Study of nosocomial infections in neonatal intensive care unit, a prospective study in Northwest Iran. Int J Pediatr. 2014; 2(3.2): 25-33
  • 27. Behzadnia S, Davoudi A, Rezai MS, Ahangarkani F. Nosocomial infections in pediatric population and antibiotic resistance of the causative organisms in north of iran. Iran Red Crescent Med J. 2014; 16(2)[DOI][PubMed]
  • 28. Wey SB, Mori M, Pfaller MA, Woolson RF, Wenzel RP. Risk factors for hospital-acquired candidemia. A matched case-control study. Arch Intern Med. 1989; 149(10): 2349-53[DOI][PubMed]
  • 29. Davoudi AR, Najafi N, Hoseini Shirazi M, Ahangarkani F. Frequency of bacterial agents isolated from patients with nosocomial infection in teaching hospitals of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences in 2012. Caspian J Intern Med. 2014; 5(4): 227-31[PubMed]
  • 30. Wildemauwe C, Godard C, Verschraegen G, Claeys G, Duyck MC, De Beenhouwer H, et al. Ten years phage-typing of Belgian clinical methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates (1992-2001). J Hosp Infect. 2004; 56(1): 16-21[DOI][PubMed]
  • 31. Gosling R, Mbatia R, Savage A, Mulligan JA, Reyburn H. Prevalence of hospital-acquired infections in a tertiary referral hospital in northern Tanzania. Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 2003; 97(1): 69-73[DOI][PubMed]
  • 32. Malacarne P, Boccalatte D, Acquarolo A, Agostini F, Anghileri A, Giardino M, et al. Epidemiology of nosocomial infection in 125 Italian intensive care units. Minerva Anestesiol. 2010; 76(1): 13-23[PubMed]

Cited By:

Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:


  • Jamal Falahi: [PubMed] [Scholar]
  • Azad Khaledi: [PubMed] [Scholar]
  • Mohammad Yousef Alikhani: [PubMed] [Scholar]
  • Ali Taghipour: [PubMed] [Scholar]
  • Saeid Amel Jamehdar: [PubMed] [Scholar]
  • Mahboubeh Honarmand: [PubMed] [Scholar]
  • Kiarash Ghazvini: [PubMed] [Scholar]
  • Related Article in PubMed
  • Related Article in Google Scholar

Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments